Since its inception, Pakistan has been a vulnerable state hatched between a hostile India and a hostile Afghanistan but in the 1990s there was a brief moment where Islamabad, sought to expand its sphere of influence into Central Asia.
The Soviet Union had just collapsed and communism was flowing out of Central Asia while Islam float in locking it concept of the nation a power vacuum almost the size of continental United States emerged in the region.
Centuries earlier South Asia and Central Asia shared deep-running religious, political, and commercial ties. Pakistan talks upon itself to revive those ancient links and in the process reconfigure itself as a super State.
When Pakistan declared itself an independent state in 1947 it real and old questions concerning ethnic gold lines in South Asia across the border in the Kingdom of Afghanistan Pashtun national immediately look to absorb all the territories inhabited by their ethnic in Ashton’s favorite the idea of a pashtunistan. And late it claims to the danger the entire Pashtun populated areas in Pakistan political tensions Rose straddle severely that Afghanistan briefly blocked Pakistan’s admission into the United Nations.
When Pakistan came into existence anyway The Afghan government started supporting Pashtun secessionist groups in the newly-independent Pakistan that’s the time Pakistan was quite vulnerable its territory was divided into two non-continuous parts while India laid claim to the Kashmir region has the provinces of Sindh and Balochistan might have split as well and Pakistan would have been reduced to the Punjab Province.
The states couldn’t be higher and a secessionist domino effect loomed over Pakistan. After a period of physical violence and embargoes political threats relations eventually simmered when the Afghan prime minister step down by the late nineteenth seventy-one a new region emerged in East Pakistan or modern Bangladesh where social unrest transmuted into Mass Civil Disobedience.
Bangladeshi lawmakers the autonomy from Islamabad and the standoff skirmishes between Pakistani government forces and Bangladeshi protesters eventually though Pakistan lost its hold over its eastern territories and Bangladesh declared an independent sovereign state.
What was earlier believed to be a threat with Pashtunistan happened instead with Bangladesh and it proved that the secessionist theory was real.
Pakistan spent the next few decades working tirelessly on unifying its communities by crafting national identity based on Islamic virtues, while secular ideas had failed earlier Appliance of the face as a unifying component worked with remarkable success in Pakistan’s experience.
In was earlier 1990s Pakistani lawmakers started thinking big and started reconsidering their national identity. two things happened at that time. Afghanistan was in absolute chaos Soviet Union has broken up and smaller entities in Central Asia the former Soviet Socialist republics of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan emerged as independent Nations. all those each had own national symbols centuries Russian governance had eradicated sense of cultural or national awareness once the Soviets Exit at the area and the Communist influence evaporated historical memories surfaced with the exception of Tajikistan always was home to turkic-speaking ethnicities and all of them have been an integral part of the Muslim world so when the Soviet borders collapsed and with it the Communist ideology the top comedy specials refurbished themselves as the new founding fathers.
The former communist strong man became despots and to consolidate their holding powers they directed stations themselves designated borders to face national holidays while putting up billboards soft all over the new territory.
In a space divided by the national identity and national ideology, the community in central Asia was desperate to believe in something.
Islam felt that need just like Pakistan and there was a strong case for faith in each time central Asia was virtual flourish in sort of time.
Some of them were traveled in the west like Taimur others has sette side like Baber of the Mughal Empire either Central Asia was deeply tied to the history of the Middle East and the Indian subcontinent now
However, the communities and Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, etc were soul-searching for cohesive trial meaning ordinarily the world who would have left well enough alone however in the 1990s geological surveys calculated that the conspiracy basis healthy a tremendous hydrocarbon Reserve second only to the Persian Gulf region.
This fact elevated south Asia as a storehouse of energy there was just one problem in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan the Nations that inherited the hydrocarbon landlocked turkey Iran and Pakistan were the first to recognize Central Asia cultural flux and energy well as a power vacuum and they also happen to be the only routes capable of delivering the original hydrocarbons to the industrialized world as such in 1992 Ankara Tehran and Islamabad revised and expanded the economic cooperation organization to include the five Central Asian republics.
The goal was to create a new pipeline and introduce a common market for goods and services across the region with the long-term objective being to regroup the block towards strategic implications. Ankara Explorer class to promote Panther cake ideas since most of the Central Asian republics were terrific but the share distance put an end to this plan Hayden meanwhile took an interest in promoting its deep historical ties to Central Asia but this Vision ended abruptly because the Iranians are to it a branch of Islam Pakistan was left as the only potential power broker in the race for Central Asia and Pakistan did much of the criteria it a tear to SUNNI ISLAM it was in the immediate vicinity it shirt cultural coming out later and like Central Asia, Pakistan had done some soul-searching as well so it knew how to construct social cohesion and possibly how to melt Central Asia with Pakistan appreciation of historical opportunity Euphoria overcame Islamabad suddenly Pakistan seems like it was about to emerge as a heavyweight in global politics. If Islamabad could get some trade deals going with Central Asia it could cement its foothold.
In 1992 Pakistan tendered about 10 million dollars in credit to Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in order to establish joint ventures in Cochran textiles Google’s telecommunications and agriculture Pakistan scientific manufacturing plants and even to established satellite Communications in Tajikistan and Pakistan signed agreements to import hydroelectric power and pledged to bolster the reach of English language in banking accounting Insurance diplomacy Etc.
These initial projects range from trade and science to education and tourism but the icing on the cake was turkaman command pipeline which stretched from Turkmenistan to the Pakistani Port of Karachi were Tankers could ship the crude oil in URLs the technical specifications plan was fairly simple and because if I passed both Iran and Russia Adventure Metro Council of Washington now it was believed that this pipeline would have granted Pakistan significant influence over to central asia allowing to Islamabad to promote its commercial interests and gradually solicit the region into its sphere of influence in just a few Generations the authority of Islamabad we have stretched Siberian Plains of Kazakhstan to the tropical Coastline by the Arabian Sea that’s only what Pakistan game in Norma strategic but also a heavy boosted Manpower resources Logistics funding etc these assets would have leveled the playing field with India and surely that was an objective word there was just one complication the turkmen pipeline the primary project to return the Pakistani hegemon would have to go through the Lawless domain of Afghanistan not only did Afghanistan share a common border with Turkmenistan is Becca stand and Sqaishey Keystone but it also provided a direct route for Route real estate traffic on the face of it constructing a pipeline across one of the most chaotic places on Earth seems irrational the price however a Pakistan that could match India in its resources and capacity was won the pakistanis could not let slide it was a shot in the dark but I know one thing was certain Pakistan had long-term strategic interests going into Afghanistan interest that were shaped by forces and considerations Beyond Afghanistan itself the Pakistani intelligence agency ISI could believed that it could be done Afghanistan could be subjugated an oldie had to do was create a corridor that would begin in Peshawar continues to jalalabad and Kabul scratching all work to mazar-e-sharif until finally arrived at the is Beck capital of Tashkent a parallel Corridor along the turkmen pipeline when it became evident that the Pakistani proxy groups could not deliver either of the corridors Islamabad began supporting the newly emerging from 1994 onwards this turned out to be a disaster aggravated the Taliban violence in Afghanistan and turn against Pakistan as they refuse to recognize two different line as an international border effectively Reviving The idea of a unified pashtunistan what’s more is that the raise Taliban jihadist movement across the periphery including the newly-independent Central Asian States islamist malicious if jihadism was Pakistan’s idea of social cohesion than Central Asia would have none of it officials in touch Camp accused of directly training is back jihadists and deliberately reduced political and economic relations the other countries followed suit and Central Asia honeymoon with Pakistan collapsed soon after to seal the deal meaning of triangulation republics chose to re-establish security ties with Russia by the turn of the millennium islamabad what’s vision for a super State perished in its cradle and the rest is history by its failures Pakistan versus a more modest policy today hits deepwater ports of Karachi and Gwadar serve as ideal shipping hubs providing the ranch at Central Asian republics Afghanistan and even China’s xingping region what’s wrong with me to Texas to the Arabian Sea Shifting the focus to its own territory makes a whole lot more sense after all political power without economic power is just sterile.
Share this blog with your friends
Leave your kind comment.