The Caliphate of Ali lasted for four years. Then Amir Muawiyah became the undisputed ruler of the Islamic world for twenty years. Ayesha saw eighteen years of his reign. All the while she led a secluded life. Amir Muawiyah wrote a letter to her asking for some advice. She wrote ‘I had heard the Prophet PBUH said that whoso seeks the good. The pleasure of GOD without caring for the goodwill of people, GOD will protect him from the ill-will of the people but who, in seeking the goodwill of people, displease GOD, GOD will entrust him to the people.’2
THis was a succinct assessment of the life of Amir Muawiyah. Muawiya wanted to appoint his son Yazid as his successor. Marwan, Governor of Medina, suggested the name in a public gathering. Abdul Rahman, brother f Ayesha, opposed it. Marwan wanted asked ‘Is this the person about whom the Qur;anic verse was revealed: ‘Who said to his parent ‘fine on you’? Ayesha answered from behind the curtain that no verse was revealed about her except the verse which absolved her of the scandal. She was not happy with the proposed succession of Yazid.
The Burial of Imam Hasan
Imam Hasan died in 49 A.H. during the reign of Amir Muawiyah. As the last wish, he had wanted his brother Imam Husain to have him buried by the side of the Prophet but if the people, objected he would not insist. When Imam Husain wanted to bury his brother there, Marwan bin Hakam opposed it on the ground that when: the insurgents did not allow Uthman to be buried there, no one will be buried at that place. Banu Hashim supported Imam Husain while Marwan was supported by Banu Omayya. Another battle seemed imminent but Abu Huraira intervened and pacified the people. Imam Husain was buried in JANNAT-Ul_BAQI. Some Shia historians have recorded that Ayesha had herself some out to oppose the burial in her apartment. This is based on an incorrect Persian translation of Tabari’s history. It is not mentioned in the original Arabic text and is clearly an interpolation of the Persian version. Ibn Athir recorded that Ayesha had given them permission, and the governors of Muawiyah had not objected to it but it was vehemently opposed by Marwan bin Hakam. In his history of the Caliphate, Ibn Abdul bar has given the same version.
Death of Ayesha
Ayesha was not yet sixty-seven years of age when during Ramadhan 58 A.H. She fell ill. Her illness lasted for only a few days. When people came to enquire about her health, she would say she was well. Ibn Abbas spoke to her, “From eternity, your name has been Mother of believers. You were the most favorite wife of the Prophet. You are shortly going to leave us. Because of you, GOD revealed the Verse of Tayammum. Many verses of the Qur’an refer to you which are recited daily in every mosque,” Ayesha replied, “Spare me of this eulogy. I wish I had been extinct.” At the same time her death, she wanted to be buried in the common graveyard near other wives of the Prophet. She died on the night of the seventeenth of Ramadhan 58 A.H. Her bier was accompanied by a great number of people. The acting Governor’s death plunged the whole of medina into gloom because still another light of the Prophet’s family had been extinguished.