May 18, 2021


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Major epidemics and pandemics

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Around 9000 BC man graduate from hunter-gatherer lifestyle to a relatively more 731 in Mesopotamia initially used to develop agriculture and livestock this new proximity between animals and man facilitate the transmission of diseases to the latter put option in 12 villages and cities grow through the bear and the first what all this contributes to the spread of new contagious diseases they are arranged in a historical traces for documentation probably take place at this time perhaps even the first pandemics that is the spread of an epidemic among two people over large geographical areas some religious text and Egyptian papyrus recount the first outbreaks the development of writing a lot of Greek historian to document a pandemic around 430 BC known as a plague of it is a disease that remained an identifier to this day according to the story and thus the great point of view that emerges in Ethiopia spread Egypt Libya and then throughout the Mediterranean basin options is at war with water and allied in city host many refugees and is on the seed to densely populated and info hygienic condition of Thrones versions and kills 25 to 30% of the population which facilitates poton victory aur 165

When the Mediterranean basin is dominated by the Roman empire the antonym play Cup years which is probably a small pox pandemic it starts in Mesopotamia and spread rapidly West worth following military travel patterns the diseases 5 min people out of the den Global population of 200 to 250 million people the Roman empire is Hit hard other epidemic for the weekend it over the following centuries probably in the fall of the Western Roman empire in 541 became the first known pandemic of bubonic plague link infecting small mammals brands and their families in some cases the rat fleas by humans and transmit bacteria to them once infection reaches the longest it becomes highly contagious between humans

According to recent studies deploy justinian started in Central Asia and spread via land and secret route to the present in Empire triangle Constantinople is badly affected as it lies on a commercial Cross Road the disease spread throughout the Mediterranean basin present military troops in digit in the West are contaminated which holds the expansion of the Empire in Rome II the comes to the disease in Mesopotamia division 3 answer scene in Empires already severely affected by the pandemic loose team in war is this benefit the Arabs who started a Muslim conquest in Empire collapsed while the present in Empire is greatly reduced the plague of justinian trains between 38 and 100 million weekend over two centuries Leprosy is a bacterial disease mentioned in texting back to antiquity for the native to East Africa according to recent studies it spread through to Asia and following three rules as Europe’s population gets denser it is likely that through said to Jerusalem accelerated the spread of Leprosy on the continent hygiene lactose sucrose and poorly ventilated homes fosters transmission of this disease which is otherwise not very contagious the poor are the worst affected exclusion measures are taken against the sec letters are considered already Dead By the Catholic religion they are isolated in leper colonies which can be anything from a simple heart on the edge of a bid for a leprosarium or sick room facilities in cities letters

In their lives in such confinements completely isolated from the outside world it originate in the steps of Central Asia and spreads across the continent of the Black Sea Warriors of the Golden had received the January city of Cafe we can buy the plague that catapulted into the city to spread the disease rats also likely for the contaminated City after the Siege fails January sales resume trade across Europe spreading the plague in Port cities the disease that spread inland only region of Poland behaviour and hunger pad the plate manifests strongly in densely populated areas and disproportionately affects the poor the malnourished and those living in insanitary condition doctors are overwhelmed in a few years the disease killed 200 million people worldwide a little less than half the European population the continent would take to century to recover is prepared by the plant that is endemic that is it would look every surface several times over the following centuries preventive measures are taken especially in Venice we should have to wait 40 days before being able to support these are the first quarantines quadrant in the Italian word for the number 40

In Europe the construction of new more efficient vessel that allows the Spanish and Portuguese to broaden exploration with Christopher Columbus to Latin America and Vasco da Gama opening a sea route to India to the African coast rapidly increase between people previously isolated from each other and with different immunity system people from the old world in thought along with them a dozen diseases still in the new World smallpox proves critically devastating for native Americans epidemics decimate entire population even before the arrival of European settlers converting a form of virulence syphilis a sexually transmitted infection is imported from America to Europe for the more tropical diseases at yellow fever and malaria caused by parasite spread Around

The World by a carrier mosquitoes that accompany meanwhile medicine continues to evolve in the face of multiple disease outbreaks in sem1868 and English apothecary John fewster find that people infected with cowpox a disease dangerous to bol do not humans are protected from the smallpox virus a few years later the cowpox vaccine is injected into populations to counter smallpox resulting in the first form of the treatment with evolved and the smallpox disease would be eradicated over two centuries trial cholera is a bacterial infection that only affects the human species to the injection of contaminated food or water the disease causes severe diarrhoea resulting in life and hydration without treatment half of those infected dies within a few hours or days the disease spread more rapidly in densely populated areas with poor hygienic conditions the first Cholera pandemic against

1917 in the vicinity of Bengal and spreads in Asia Africa and to the gates of Europe for other Cholera pandemic would break out over the following century and effect entire world in 1855 in the west of yunnan China begins with third and last endemic of you got it spread slowly to the port city of Hong Kong from where in a few years it spreads from ships in Port around the world but this time French biologists and doctors discover the bacteria responsible for the day Aziz and how please propagated a serum is created and rat extermination measures are taken on vessels which limits number strikingly in developed countries British India is still badly affected with around 10 million deaths in China has 2 million victims is infectious disease that is difficult to contain because it is caused by four different strains of viruses that can quickly neutered and generate new epidemics the first major flu pandemic older version flute ranged in 1889 and 1819 from The Eurasian steppe to the European and American continent but it’s the second major influence about known as a Spanish flu which proved to be the most devastating flu pandemic its origin still unknown during World War 1 in the United States the virus mutate and becomes virulent transported by soldiers to Europe this disease spread through the globe as soon as World War 1 in a third of the world population is infected and about 50 million people die from that they would be to for the flu pandemic causing approximately 1 million that each other so cold and flu in 1997 and the Hong Kong pandemic in 1968 visionary from Central Africa the AIDS virus spread from chimpanzees Tu menu to Haunting tube as earlier the virus Loni richest Leopold in the Belgian Congo from where it spread across river and Railways all around the country and then across the continent in 1964 the return of contaminated haitian workers take the disease to North America especially in the United States from 1970 in 1983 in Paris Aster Institute identifies the HIV virus that causes AIDS

the disease that is the immune system and their facilitate the development of other infections and infected people worldwide to qualify as a pandemic in 2005 prevention and contraceptives help curb the disease but still results in about 30 million victims in 30 years today some 40 million people living with HIV trial at the end of 2019 200 RC who is transmitted from animals to humans and was first observed in Wuhan China with high levels of globalisation the new disease covid-19 is spread evenly around the world on March 11 2020 the World Health Organisation declared as it a pandemic for the more despite major advances in medicine and other diseases to claim many victims plague student and regularly the last epidemic in 2017 hitting Madagascar and Seychelles a seventh Cholera pandemic has been analysis 1961 and stool causes 100 thousand Global vacancy eat here according to the will there are under 18 million leprosy patients worldwide while seasonal flu kills about 500 thousand people annually Malaria clean the term each year the vast majority being young children in sub-Saharan Africa and remote populations remain the main victims of these epidemics and pandemics

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